English Grammar

Grammar Home | Table of Contents | Alphabetical Index | Back to Chapter 11

EXERCISES for CHAPTER 11. TRANSITIVE AND INTRANSITIVE VERBS

1. In each of the following sentences, underline the direct object of the verb. For example:
      She forgot the pencils.
      She forgot the pencils.

      Was he writing a letter?
      Was he writing a letter?

      You did not answer the question.
      You did not answer the question.

1. I watched the birds.
2. He did not close the window.
3. She rang the bell.
4. Did you find the answer?
5. I opened the door.
6. Did she play the violin?
7. You will need an umbrella.
8. They are not carrying the parcels.
9. You organized the race.
10. Were they using the blankets?
Answers

2. In the following sentences, the direct objects of the verbs are printed in bold type. In addition, each sentence contains an adverb or adverb phrase indicating time. Depending upon whether or not there is a direct object, complete each sentence using either to lay or to lie, as appropriate. Use the Present Continuous tense if the action takes place in the present, and use the Simple Past tense if the action took place in the past. For example:
      They __________ the bricks now.
      They are laying the bricks now.

      I _______ the money on the counter last night.
      I laid the money on the counter last night.

      Right now, the dogs _________ in the middle of the road.
      Right now, the dogs are lying in the middle of the road.

      Yesterday, he ___ in bed until ten o'clock.
      Yesterday, he lay in bed until ten o'clock.

1. Now I ______________ too close to the fire.
2. Last night he _____________ twenty dollars on top of the bookcase.
3. Right now she _______________ a fire.
4. Until last year, the treasure ______________ hidden under the earth.
5. Yesterday she ______________ her coat on the bed.
6. His books _____________ on the floor all last week.
7. Right now he _______________ low in order to stay out of danger.
8. Yesterday morning he ______________ the parcel close to the door.
9. Last night they _____________ in wait for the thieves.
10. Now they ________________ their cards on the table.
Answers

3. In the following sentences, the direct objects of the verbs are printed in bold type. In addition, each sentence contains an adverb or adverb phrase indicating time. Depending upon whether or not there is a direct object, complete each sentence using either to raise or to rise, as appropriate. Use the Present Continuous tense if the action takes place in the present; and use the Simple Past tense if the action took place in the past. For example:
      Right now, he __________ sheep.
      Right now, he is raising sheep.

      Last night he ______ their expectations.
      Last night he raised their expectations.

      The price of housing _________ now.
      The price of housing is rising now.

      Last year she ______ at six o'clock every morning.
      Last year she rose at six o'clock every morning.

1. Last night, when we heard the news, our hopes _____________.
2. Last year they _________ six hundred dollars by selling chocolate bars.
3. Now they ______________ the price of gasoline.
4. The price of gold _____________ yesterday.
5. At the moment, he ______________ corn.
6. Right now mist _______________ from the water.
7. Last week, you _____________ a difficult question.
8. The temperature _____________ at the moment.
9. Now he _____________ his hat.
10. The water level ______________ last week.
Answers

4. In the following sentences, the direct objects of the verbs are printed in bold type. In addition, each sentence contains an adverb or adverb phrase indicating time. Depending upon whether or not there is a direct object, complete each sentence using either to set or to sit, as appropriate. Use the Present Continuous tense if the action takes place in the present; and use the Simple Past tense if the action took place in the past. For example:
      Now they ___________ the table.
      Now they are setting the table.

      Last night we ___ our alarm clock for six o'clock.
      Last night we set our alarm clock for six o'clock.

      At the moment, the cat __________ on top of the car.
      At the moment, the cat is sitting on top of the car.

      Yesterday he ___ at his desk all afternoon.
      Yesterday he sat at his desk all afternoon.

1. Right now they ______________ down to a good meal.
2. Yesterday they _____________ the empty bottles on the front step.
3. At the moment, she _______________ in front of the fire.
4. Now we _______________ the suitcases on the moving belt.
5. In ancient times, King Arthur's knights ____________ at the Round Table.
6. Yesterday morning the doctor _____________ the broken bone.
7. Right now, we _______________ around the table.
8. He ______________ a good example last week, by studying hard.
9. Now she ______________ her watch to the correct time.
10. Yesterday afternoon we ___________ at the end of the dock, in the sun.
Answers

5. In the following sentences, the direct objects of the verbs are printed in bold type. Paying attention to whether or not there is a direct object, for each sentence, choose the correct verb from the pair given in brackets, and complete the sentence using the Present Perfect tense of the verb. For example:
      I ________ two blankets on the bed. (to lay, to lie)
      I have laid two blankets on the bed.

      He ________ down for half an hour. (to lay, to lie)
      He has lain down for half an hour.

      They ___________ the flag. (to raise, to rise)
      They have raised the flag.

      Our opinion of them _________. (to raise, to rise)
      Our opinion of them has risen.

      We ________ the electric train in motion. (to set, to sit)
      We have set the electric train in motion.

      She ___ just ___ down. (to set, to sit)
      She has just sat down.

1. They ____________ a limit of four cartons per customer. (to set, to sit)
2. We ______________ our plans carefully. (to lay, to lie)
3. You ____________ very early for the past three weeks. (to raise, to rise)
4. We _______________ in the car all afternoon. (to set, to sit)
5. They _______________ four children. (to raise, to rise)
6. He _____________ a record for endurance. (to set, to sit)
7. I _____________ awake half the night. (to lay, to lie)
8. They _______________ the table. (to lay, to lie)
9. She _______________ still for fifteen minutes. (to set, to sit)
10. You _______________ your standards. (to raise, to rise)
11. Your standards ________________. (to raise, to rise)
12. Your gloves ________________ on the table all week. (to lay, to lie)
Answers

6. Rewrite each of the following sentences, omitting the underlined preposition which precedes the indirect object, and making the necessary changes in word order. For example:
      I bought a rose for the singer.
      I bought the singer a rose.

      She gave an apple to the boy.
      She gave the boy an apple.

1. I handed the book to the student.
2. He wrote a letter to the twins.
3. She made a scarf for the girl.
4. I told the story to the audience.
5. We paid the money to the dentist.
6. He sent a reply to the doctor.
7. We offered the job to the students.
8. She told the news to her friends.
Answers

7. Rewrite each of the following sentences, inserting the preposition to before the indirect object, and making the necessary changes in word order. For example:
      I wrote the president a letter.
      I wrote a letter to the president.

      They showed the visitor the garden.
      They showed the garden to the visitor.

1. We sent the reporters a photograph.
2. They mailed the agency a postcard.
3. I paid the manager the fee.
4. We sold the students the doughnuts.
5. You read the teacher the story.
6. She mailed the seamstress the material.
7. I sent the workers a message.
8. He offered his guest the wine.
Answers
 

ANSWERS for CHAPTER 11. TRANSITIVE AND INTRANSITIVE VERBS

Answers to Exercise 1:
1. birds 2. window 3. bell 4. answer 5. door 6. violin 7. umbrella 8. parcels 9. race 10. blankets

Answers to Exercise 2:
1. am lying 2. laid 3. is laying 4. lay 5. laid 6. lay 7. is lying 8. laid 9. lay 10. are laying

Answers to Exercise 3:
1. rose 2. raised 3. are raising 4. rose 5. is raising 6. is rising 7. raised 8. is rising 9. is raising 10. rose

Answers to Exercise 4:
1. are sitting 2. set 3. is sitting 4. are setting 5. sat 6. set 7. are sitting 8. set 9. is setting 10. sat

Answers to Exercise 5:
1. have set 2. have laid 3. have risen 4. have sat 5. have raised 6. has set 7. have lain 8. have laid 9. has sat 10. have raised 11. have risen 12. have lain

Answers to Exercise 6:
1. I handed the student the book. 2. He wrote the twins a letter. 3. She made the girl a scarf. 4. I told the audience the story. 5. We paid the dentist the money. 6. He sent the doctor a reply. 7. We offered the students the job. 8. She told her friends the news.

Answers to Exercise 7:
1. We sent a photograph to the reporters. 2. They mailed a postcard to the agency. 3. I paid the fee to the manager. 4. We sold the doughnuts to the students. 5. You read the story to the teacher. 6. She mailed the material to the seamstress. 7. I sent a message to the workers. 8. He offered the wine to his guest.

 

Grammar Home | Table of Contents | Alphabetical Index | Back to Chapter 11

 

Additional Links